Data and Samples

NEON takes millions of measurements and collects thousands of samples every year. This is your portal to access them.

Three photos of archived samples


NEON delivers hundreds of data products including organismal counts and measurements, water quality, energy fluxes, and remotely sensed vegetation indices. Data are free and open for all.

All about data

Samples & Specimens

Our field ecologists collect soil, organismal, and water samples and specimens throughout the year. A large proportion of these are available for your research, archived in a variety of collections around the U.S. Learn how we collect these and where to find them.

Explore our Samples
Soil Samples


Find data on archived physical samples and information on how to request a loan from the Arizona State University Biorepository, our primary sample and specimen collection.

Biorepository Data Portal
Pinned Beetles

Automated Instruments

A complex network of thousands of automated sensors in freshwater aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems collects data around the clock.

MOAB tower at sunrise

Observational Sampling

Field ecologists collect samples and measurements year-round, in all environments and conditions.

Beetle collection at WOOD

Airborne Remote Sensing

Airplanes equipped with a high-resolution camera, hyperspectrometer, and lidar system fly over sites near peak greenness to monitor land cover characteristics.

Twin Otter arrival at KBDU

Data Notifications

NEON occasionally updates our data products and posts notifications. For the latest changes and updates, visit the Data Notifications page.


Plan your research with an understanding of our sampling and publication schedules.

Policies and Guidelines

Explore our recommendations for citing NEON resources, and publishing your own research workflows.

Quality Assurance and Control

We strive for the best quality possible, with systematic processes for sensor calibrations, lab audits, and data reviews.

Data Formats & Conventions

All the details about data publishing, including data formats, archiving, and sharing with other repositories.

Externally Hosted Data

Some datasets are hosted by specialized data repositories such as Ameriflux and BOLD. Learn why, and how to access these data.

A researcher in a library (stock image)