Latitude/Longitude:46.23388, -89.53725 Elevation:518 m Mean Annual Temperature:3C/37.4F Mean Annual Precipitation:854 mm Dominant NLCD Classes:
Region-wide logging for pine in the late 1800s and early to mid-1900's led to clear-cutting of most forested areas on the property. The main parcel was donated to the University in the 1930s. Timber harvest continued into the 1950s and later, leaving a mixture of successional forest regrowth. Since the 1970s, the site has been minimally managed to maintain access for recreational, educational and research goals.
The UNDERC property primarily includes second-growth Northern mesic forest with dominant species including, red and sugar maple (
Acer rubrum and A. saccharum), aspen ( Populus tremuloides and P. grandidentata) ) and paper birch ( Betula papyrifera.). Evergreen forests are dominated by balsam fir ( Abies balsamea) and may also include hemlock ( Tsuga canadensis) and in the numerous wet areas, cedar ( Thuja occidentalis) and black spruce ( Picea mariana).
Poorly drained soils on the site can give rise to open, acidic sphagnum bogs dotted with tamarack (
Larix laricina), black spruce and Ericaceous shrubs. Marshes surround numerous lakes including Crampton Lake, a co-located NEON aquatics site. Some wetlands are dominated by thickets of alder ( Alnus incana subsp. rugosa).
Climate is generally humid, cool and wet with an annual average of 37.6º F at nearby Land O’ Lakes, WI with no true dry season. Temperature averages range from a low of -3.8º F and high of 49.7º F Annual precipitation is approximately 33 inches with 114 inches of snow.
Migmatitic gneiss and amphobole. Late to Early Archean.
USGS HUC: h04020102
Dominant Phenology Species:
Acer saccharum, Populus tremuloides, Corylus cornuta
Mean Canopy Height:
The mean canopy height is 24'.
Coarse, loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid. Argic Fragiaquods.
The dominant wind direction is south-southwest.
Site Specific Topics
Land use and specifically forest management, is one of the major science themes the Great Lakes Domain will study. The UNDERC property represents a regenerating, minimally managed forest that is characteristic of the region. This site was selected in contrast with other Great Lakes sites, Treehaven and Steigerwaldt which have varying forestry management history/management and planned future use.