Latitude/Longitude:45.50894, -89.58637 Elevation:481 m Mean Annual Temperature:5C/41F Mean Annual Precipitation:782 mm Dominant NLCD Classes:
The Steigerwaldt tower site is managed for timber production and recreation. It is a young, even-aged stand, with aspen (
Populus tremuloides), red maple ( Acer rubrum), and balsam fir ( Abies balsamea) among the most abundant tree species. The stand was cut in 2005, with some scattered oak and hemlock left for wildlife food and roost. It has approximately 4000 aspen stems per hectare, naturally regenerated from roots. Roads are planted with clover as additional food source for deer and ruffed grouse.
The NEON study area in the CHEQ Park Falls District encompasses a diversity of forest stands. The area includes pine, hemlock, aspen, northern hardwoods, including CCC-planted red and jack pine plantations. Logging is active in the area, although different management systems may vary. The CNNF Park Falls District’s timber program has recently been dominated by salvage timber projects following ice and hail damage, windstorms, tornadoes, and spruce decline, followed by a recent focus in over-mature aspen stands in both Price and Taylor County. Over the last several years, the District has been moving out of salvage mode with recently approved vegetation management / forest health projects in pine and hardwood management areas. Early successional habitat also continues to be a focus
Climate at both the Steigerwaldt tower site and the CHEQ distributed plot site is typical of northern to north-central Wisconsin. It is a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The warm season lasts from approximately mid-May to mid-September with the warmest temperatures typically in July (average high 79 F). The cold season lasts from November to March with the coldest temperatures typically in January (average low 4 F). The annual average temperature is 41.6 F, and temperatures rarely drop below -17 F or above 87 F
Mafic metavolcanics. Early Proterozoic.
USGS HUC: h07070001
Dominant Phenology Species:
Populus tremuloides, Abies balsamea, Acer rubrum
Mean Canopy Height:
The mean canopy height is 5.5'.
Coarse, loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid. Alfic Epiaquods.
The dominant wind direction is west-southwest.
Site Specific Topics
The NEON study area in the CHEQ is in close proximity to other research activities that have focused on land-atmosphere carbon interactions, the Chequamegon Ecosystem Atmosphere Study, or ChEAS. Additionally, NEON study plots in this site may be poised to detect the future impacts of the invasive emerald ash borer.