Treehaven NEON (TREE) Soil Descriptions

Pedon Descriptions

Pit‐level observations and field measurements reported using the standard NRCS format. They contain volume estimates for coarse fragments > 20 mm where applicable.

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Site Level Plot Summary

A narrative summary that places the sampled soil pedons in the broader context of soils and geomorphology for the entire NEON site.

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soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 0-200 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 0-21 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 7-40 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 28-56 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 47-72 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 63-110 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 116-178 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 156-183 cm

soil profile

D05 TREE megapit soil profile 167-200 cm

Megapit Pedon Description

Print Date Feb 18 2016
Description Date Jun 17 2015
Describer Mark Krupinski, Lilly Palmer
Site ID 2015WI069002
Pedon ID 2015WI069002
Lab Source ID KSSL
Lab Pedon # 15N0684
Soil Name as Correlated Padwet
Classification Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Alfic Haplorthods
Pedon Type undefined observation
Pedon Purpose ecological site data
Taxon Kind series
Geomorphic Setting on backslope of moraine on pitted outwash plain
Upslope Shape convex
Cross Slope Shape linear
Description origin NASIS
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Lincoln
MLRA 94D -- Northern Highland Sandy Drift
Soil Survey Area 10-RHI -- Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Map Unit PeB -- Pence-Padus sandy loams, 1 to 6 percent slopes
Std Latitude 45.4926944
Std Longitude -89.5875000
Latitude 45 degrees 29 minutes 33.70 seconds north
Longitude 89 degrees 35 minutes 15.00 seconds west
Datum NAD83
Primary Earth Cover Tree cover
Secondary Earth Cover Intermixed conifers and hardwoods
Existing Vegetation alternateleaf dogwood, balsam fir, bearded shorthusk, eastern white pine, hemlock, ironwood, paper birch, partridgeberry, Pennsylvania sedge, red maple, starflower, sugar maple, twistedstalk, wood anemone
Parent Material sandy and loamy outwash over sandy and gravelly outwash over sandy and gravelly till
Surface Fragments 0.0 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 250- to 600-millimeter mixed rock fragments
Description database KSSL
Diagnostic Features ochric epipedon 0 to 17 cm.
spodic horizon 17 to 33 cm.
albic horizon 33 to 52 cm.
glossic horizon 52 to 66 cm.
lamellae 66 to 107 cm.
densic materials 168 to 200 cm.
Top Depth (cm) 168
Bottom Depth 200
Restriction Kind densic material
Slope (%) 6.0
Elevation (meters) 471.8
Aspect (deg) 185
Drainage Class moderately well
Horizon Details

Oa--0 to 2 centimeters (0.0 to 0.8 inches); very dark gray (7.5YR 3/1) highly decomposed plant material; moderate very fine granular structure; very friable; very fine roots and fine roots; very strongly acid, pH 4.9, Hellige-Truog; abrupt broken boundary. Lab sample # 15N03505. 40 percent O horizon - patchy 75 percent charcoal

A/E--2 to 17 centimeters (0.8 to 6.7 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) sandy loam; moderate fine granular structure; friable; very fine roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 10 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.4, Hellige-Truog; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03506. A/E is mixed by earthworms

Bs--17 to 33 centimeters (6.7 to 13.0 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) sandy loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 10 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.5, Hellige-Truog; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03507. ~ 5 percent A horizon material mixed by earthwormns

E--33 to 52 centimeters (13.0 to 20.5 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/3) sandy loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; 12 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.5, Hellige-Truog; gradual wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03508

E/B--52 to 66 centimeters (20.5 to 26.0 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/3) and reddish brown (5YR 4/4) gravelly sandy loam; weak medium prismatic parts to moderate medium subangular blocky structure; firm; very fine roots and fine roots; 30 percent faint 5YR 3/4), moist, clay films on all faces of peds; 22 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.4, Hellige-Truog; abrupt irregular boundary. Lab sample # 15N03509

2E and Bt--66 to 107 centimeters (26.0 to 42.1 inches); 80 percent brown (7.5YR 4/3) and 20 percent reddish brown (5YR 4/4) sand, loamy sand; structureless single grain; loose; and 10 percent faint 5YR 3/4), moist, clay bridges between sand grains; 1 percent fine faint 5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron; 7 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; moderately acid, pH 5.6, Hellige-Truog; gradual smooth boundary. Lab sample # 15N03510. 4 lamellae 4-30 mm thick 10 percent cos (stratification)

2BC--107 to 168 centimeters (42.1 to 66.1 inches); brown (7.5YR 5/4) stratified coarse sand to sand; structureless single grain; loose; 1 percent medium distinct 2.5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron; 14 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; moderately acid, pH 5.7, Hellige-Truog; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03511

3Cd1--168 to 176 centimeters (66.1 to 69.3 inches); yellowish red (5YR 4/6) gravelly sandy loam; structureless massive; very friable; very fine roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 5 percent medium distinct 7.5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron; 26 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.1, Hellige-Truog; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03512

3Cd2--176 to 200 centimeters (69.3 to 78.7 inches); reddish brown (5YR 4/3) gravelly loamy sand; massive parts to weak extremely coarse platy; very friable; 25 percent coarse distinct 2.5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron and 25 percent coarse prominent 7.5YR 5/1), moist, masses of reduced iron; 26 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 72-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.5, Hellige-Truog. Lab sample # 15N03513.

Credits: This megapit soil pedon description was generously created by USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service staff, with particular thanks to Larry West, Jon Hempel, and numerous field staff.