University of Notre Dame Environmental Research Center NEON (UNDE) Soil Descriptions

Pedon Descriptions

Pit‐level observations and field measurements reported using the standard NRCS format. They contain volume estimates for coarse fragments > 20 mm where applicable.

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Site Level Plot Summary

A narrative summary that places the sampled soil pedons in the broader context of soils and geomorphology for the entire NEON site.

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soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 0-200 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 0-110 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 0-34 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 21-61 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 43-92 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 80-120 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 113-155 cm

soil profile

D05 UNDE megapit soil profile 139-195 cm

Megapit Pedon Description

Print Date Jul 22 2015
Description Date Sep 9 2013
Describer Ryan Bevernitz, Lily Palmer, J Scott Eversoll
Site ID 2013MI053001
Site Note NEON site
Pedon ID S2013MI053001
Lab Source ID KSSL
Lab Pedon # 13N97284
Soil Name as Described/Sampled Tula
Classification Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Argic Fragiaquods
Pedon Type confirmation description
Pedon Purpose research site
Taxon Kind series
Geomorphic Setting on backslope of side slope of disintegration moraine on till plain
Upslope Shape concave
Cross Slope Shape linear
Description origin NASIS
State Michigan
County Gogebic
MLRA 93B -- Superior Stony and Rocky Loamy Plains and Hills, Eastern Part
Soil Survey Area 10-RHI -- Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Map Unit 5172C -- Gogebic, sandy substratum-Pence-Cathro complex, 0 to 18 percent slopes
Quad Name Tenderfoot Lake, Wisconsin
Latitude 46 degrees 14 minutes 10.40 seconds north
Longitude 89 degrees 32 minutes 20.90 seconds west
Datum NAD83
Primary Earth Cover Tree cover
Secondary Earth Cover Intermixed conifers and hardwoods
Existing Vegetation arctic bentgrass, balsam fir, beaked hazelnut, bedstraw, big red stem moss, black cherry, bristly dewberry, bunchberry dogwood, Canada mayflower, common ladyfern, eastern marsh fern, eastern teaberry, elderberry, goldenrod, groundcedar, hawkweed, paper birch, partridgeberry, quaking aspen, rare clubmoss, red maple, sarsaparilla, sedge, speckled alder, sphagnum, starflower, western brackenfern, white spruce, woodfern, Yakima bird's-beak
Surface Fragments flat subrounded indurated 250- to 600-millimeter
Description database KSSL
Slope (%) 4.0
Elevation (meters) 1,680.0
Aspect (deg) 270
Drainage Class somewhat poorly
Horizon Details

A--0 to 8 centimeters (0.0 to 3.1 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/3) sandy loam; weak fine granular structure; very friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 3 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 76 to 250-millimeter unspecified fragments; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12314. A and Bs might be from a tree throw

Bs--8 to 15 centimeters (3.1 to 5.9 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) sandy loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; very friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12315

E--15 to 23 centimeters (5.9 to 9.1 inches); brown (7.5YR 5/2) sandy loam; moderate thin platy parts to moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable; medium roots and fine roots; 35 percent distinct 5YR 5/3), moist, silt coats on all faces of peds; 1 percent medium prominent 7.5YR 5/8) masses of oxidized iron on surfaces along root channels and 10 percent medium prominent 7.5YR 5/8) masses of oxidized iron on faces of peds; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12316. a thin a horizon at the top of the horizon

B's1--23 to 31 centimeters (9.1 to 12.2 inches); dark reddish brown (5YR 3/4) fine sandy loam; strong coarse angular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and fine roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12317

B's2--31 to 48 centimeters (12.2 to 18.9 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) fine sandy loam; strong coarse angular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and fine roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12318

E/Bx--48 to 57 centimeters (18.9 to 22.4 inches); 60 percent reddish gray (5YR 5/2) and 40 percent reddish brown (2.5YR 4/4) fine sandy loam; strong fine subangular blocky structure; hard, firm; brittle; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots and coarse roots; fine low-continuity vesicular pores; abrupt irregular boundary. Lab sample # 13N12319. A and Bs might be from a tree throw

2Bt1--57 to 83 centimeters (22.4 to 32.7 inches); reddish brown (2.5YR 4/4) silty clay; strong fine subangular blocky structure; very firm; fine roots; 3 percent distinct 5YR 5/3), moist, silt coats on all faces of peds and 10 percent faint 2.5YR 4/3), moist, clay films on all faces of peds; gradual wavy boundary. Lab sample # 13N12320

2Bt2--83 to 114 centimeters (32.7 to 44.9 inches); reddish brown (2.5YR 4/4) silty clay loam; strong fine subangular blocky structure; very firm; fine roots; and 3 percent distinct 5YR 5/3), moist, silt coats on all faces of peds and 10 percent faint 2.5YR 4/3), moist, clay films on all faces of peds; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 13N12321

2C1--114 to 147 centimeters (44.9 to 57.9 inches); reddish brown (2.5YR 4/4) silty clay loam; structureless massive; very friable; fine roots; 1 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 76-millimeter unspecified fragments; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 13N12322. few 5YR 5/3 lfs lfs strata 1cm thick on average

3C2--147 to 235 centimeters (57.9 to 92.5 inches); 60 percent red (2.5YR 4/6) and 30 percent dark red (2.5YR 3/6) and 10 percent weak red (10R 4/4) stratified loamy fine sand to fine sandy loam to silt loam; structureless massive; very friable; very fine roots and fine roots; . Lab sample # 13N12323

Credits: This megapit soil pedon description was generously created by USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service staff, with particular thanks to Larry West, Jon Hempel, and numerous field staff.