Steigerwaldt-Chequamegon NEON (STEI) Soil Descriptions

Pedon Descriptions

Pit‐level observations and field measurements reported using the standard NRCS format. They contain volume estimates for coarse fragments > 20 mm where applicable.

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Site Level Plot Summary

A narrative summary that places the sampled soil pedons in the broader context of soils and geomorphology for the entire NEON site.

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soil profile

D05 STEI megapit soil profile 0-180 cm

soil profile

D05 STEI megapit soil profile 0-49 cm

soil profile

D05 STEI megapit soil profile 50-105 cm

soil profile

D05 STEI megapit soil profile 89-168 cm

Megapit Pedon Description

Print Date Feb 18 2016
Description Date Jun 17 2015
Describer Ryan Bevernitz, Phil Meyer, Scott Eversoll
Site ID 2015WI069001
Pedon ID S2015WI069001
Pedon Note The soil gets coarser as the depth increases.
Lab Source ID KSSL
Lab Pedon # 15N0685
Soil Name as Correlated Pesabic
Classification Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Alfic Epiaquods
Pedon Type undefined observation
Pedon Purpose ecological site data
Taxon Kind series
Geomorphic Setting on shoulder of moraine on pitted outwash plain
Description origin NASIS
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Lincoln
MLRA 94D -- Northern Highland Sandy Drift
Soil Survey Area 10-RHI -- Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Map Unit MxB -- Moodig sandy loam, 0 to 4 percent slopes
Std Latitude 45.5074944
Std Longitude -89.5888861
Latitude 45 degrees 30 minutes 26.98 seconds north
Longitude 89 degrees 35 minutes 19.99 seconds west
Datum NAD83
Primary Earth Cover Tree cover
Secondary Earth Cover Hardwoods
Existing Vegetation balsam fir, baneberry, black raspberry, bunchberry dogwood, fly honeysuckle, goldenrod, hawkweed, ironwood, quaking aspen, red maple, sedge, shieldfern, starflower, white ash
Parent Material sandy and loamy till
Description database KSSL
Diagnostic Features ochric epipedon 0 to 14 cm.
spodic horizon 14 to 36 cm.
glossic horizon 36 to 61 cm.
argillic horizon 61 to 109 cm.
densic materials 148 to 200 cm.
Top Depth (cm) 148
Bottom Depth (cm) 200
Restriction Kind densic material
Slope (%) 3.0
Elevation (meters) 473.5
Aspect (deg) 280
Drainage Class somewhat poorly
Horizon Details

A--0 to 14 centimeters (0.0 to 5.5 inches); light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) silt loam; moderate medium granular structure; very friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 5 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; moderately acid, pH 5.8, Hellige-Truog; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03525. 10 percent uncoated sand grains

Bs1--14 to 28 centimeters (5.5 to 11.0 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/4) fine sandy loam; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 2 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 250 to 600-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 9 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.4, Hellige-Truog; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 15N03526

Bs2--28 to 36 centimeters (11.0 to 14.2 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/3) sandy loam; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots and coarse roots; 2 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 250 to 600-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 9 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.5, Hellige-Truog; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 15N03527

E/B--36 to 61 centimeters (14.2 to 24.0 inches); 55 percent brown (7.5YR 5/3) and 45 percent brown (7.5YR 4/3) gravelly sandy loam; strong coarse subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; 10 percent medium distinct 7.5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron and 10 percent fine distinct 7.5YR 5/2), moist, clay depletions; 5 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 250 to 600-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 10 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.3, Hellige-Truog; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03528

Bt1--61 to 78 centimeters (24.0 to 30.7 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/4) gravelly sandy loam; moderate coarse subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; 10 percent faint 7.5YR 3/3), moist, clay films on all faces of peds; 25 percent coarse prominent 5YR 5/8), moist, masses of oxidized iron and 25 percent medium distinct 7.5YR 5/2), moist, clay depletions; 25 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; strongly acid, pH 5.3, Hellige-Truog; gradual wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03529

Bt2--78 to 109 centimeters (30.7 to 42.9 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) gravelly sandy loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; 10 percent faint 7.5YR 4/3), moist, clay films on all faces of peds; 1 percent medium prominent 10Y 6/), moist, clay depletions and 25 percent coarse prominent 5YR 4/6), moist, and 7.5YR 5/8), moist, masses of oxidized iron and 25 percent medium prominent 2.5Y 6/2), moist, clay depletions; 5 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 75 to 250-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 15 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; moderately acid, pH 5.7, Hellige-Truog; gradual wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03530. pockets of silt loam with redox throught.

BC--109 to 148 centimeters (42.9 to 58.3 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) very gravelly sandy loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; very fine roots and medium roots and fine roots; 10 percent medium prominent 5YR 5/3), moist, clay depletions and 10 percent medium prominent 5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron; 15 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 75 to 250-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 20 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; moderately acid, pH 5.9, Hellige-Truog; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 15N03531

Cd--148 to 200 centimeters (58.3 to 78.7 inches); reddish brown (5YR 4/3) gravelly sandy loam; structureless massive; firm; 10 percent coarse prominent 10YR 5/2), moist, clay depletions and 25 percent very coarse prominent 5YR 4/6), moist, masses of oxidized iron; 2 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 250 to 600-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 5 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 75 to 250-millimeter mixed rock fragments and 15 percent nonflat subrounded indurated 2 to 75-millimeter mixed rock fragments; slightly acid, pH 6.2, Hellige-Truog. Lab sample # 15N03532

Credits: This megapit soil pedon description was generously created by USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service staff, with particular thanks to Larry West, Jon Hempel, and numerous field staff.