Latitude/Longitude:38.89292, -78.1395 Elevation:361 m Mean Annual Temperature:13C/55.4F Mean Annual Precipitation:1054 mm Dominant NLCD Classes:
Site history & management
At the SCBI, the forest was logged multiple times during the past 300 years and was managed mostly as farmland when acquired by the federal government in 1903. One reason that wildlands are found disproportionately in the mountain province of the domain is that the steep slopes and shallow soils are relatively unproductive for agriculture. Here too the site is typical of the domain, encompassing the full range of lithologic, edaphic, hydrologic, and biogeochemical conditions found in the Mid-Atlantic Domain.
(SCBI) site consists of mature (> 100 year) and young (< 40 year) secondary forest that is primarily deciduous and indicative of hardwood forests in the Middle Atlantic Domain. This forest is Eastern Deciduous and dominated by oak, hickory, ash and tulip popular. Young forests are dominated by white ash, black locust, and dogwood. Invasive tree species (autumn olive, tree-of-heaven, princess tree) are present along edges and disturbed sites. The SCBI site is in a mid-continent forested eastern deciduous site, species include Oaks, Hickories, and Ash, and contains well-defined ground cover and understory strata.
Catoctin Formation, metabasalt. Cambrian.
USGS HUC: h02070005
Dominant Phenology Species:
Liriodendron tulipifera, Microstegium vimineum, Juglans nigra
Mean Canopy Height:
The mean canopy height is 35'.
Loamy, skeletal, mixed, active, mesic. Ultic Hapludalfs.
The dominant wind direction is south-southeast.
Site specific topics
This core site provides a representative wildland that is within a mosaic of other land use types with expected increases in rates of urbanization, and that are expected to influence changes in biodiversity, biogeochemistry, and infectious and invasive species biology. ).
About the site host
The Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) facilitates and promotes research programs based in Front Royal, Virginia, the National Zoo in Washington, DC, and at field-research and training sites around the world. Learn more about SCBI here.